Glossary A-Z

Click on a letter below to view the definition of words associated with Kaycan products.

Aluminum Siding

An exterior cladding option for a home that protects against the elements as well as add beauty to its exterior.

Accessories

Manufactured in both vinyl and aluminum, accessories add finishing touches to the home’s exterior. These include trims, channels and other finishing touches.

Beaded

Developed to provide even more dramatic shadow lines by adding a rounded bead at the bottom of a single panel. Beaded siding is generally 6”-7” per panel.

Band Board

A trim board that indicates the bottom of a wall. Band boards are commonly used between multiple floors of a house.

Board & Batten

A siding style characterized by alternating wide boards and narrow strips called battens. This style is most commonly applied vertically.

Channel

The area of the accessory trim or corner post where siding or soffit panels are inserted. Channels also refer to the trim itself, and are named for the letters of the alphabet they resemble. (e.g., J-channel, F-channel, etc…)

Chromalock

Technology to keep color from fading.

Clapboard

Overlapping siding style with the bottom edge thicker than the top.

Continuous Insulation

Insulation installed outside of the building framing that helps reduce energy loss from thermal bridging.

Corner Post

Corner posts are used to provide a finished edge at an inside or outside corner. The siding from adjoining walls fits neatly into the inside or outside corner post channels. Appropriate widths of channel openings are available to accommodate various configurations of siding.

Cornice Molding

Held in place by an F-channel and finishes the topmost siding profile.

Cornice Receiver

Installed under eaves to receive cornice moldings. They are also used to receive band board and finish board.

Crown Molding and cap

Used with lineals and J-Channels to create a custom molded window or door header.

Dentil molding

A decorative trim used on frieze.

Dentil Trim

A series of small square blocks that have the project like teeth. They are used as decorative elements to your home.

Door surround

A decorative element used to complement the style of the home by adding an accent to the doorway.(See Products)

Downspout

Connected to the Gutter via the drop outlet. Directs runoff towards the ground.

Downspout diverter

Flexible diverter for redirecting the water from the downspout to the ground.

Drip Cap

An accessory installed over windows and doors to ensure that water is directed away from the panels and does not infiltrate them.

Drip edge

A strip of flashing installed around the lower edge of the roof. This piece diverts the flow of water into the gutter system, preventing damage to the underlying construction.

Drop outlet

Provides an outlet for gutters into the downspout.

Duratron

UV protection for superior weatherability and color retention.

Dutchlap

Siding style similar to clapboard siding except it has a decorative groove in the top of the board. It features strong shadow lines and is generally 3”-5”.

Eave

The edge of a roof that extends beyond the outside walls of a building.

Eaves Starter

A strip of flashing installed around the lower edge of the roof. This piece diverts the flow of water into the gutter system, preventing damage to the underlying construction.

Elbow

Directs water from the gutter to the downspout.

End cap

Marks the end of the gutter.

Face-nailing

The action of fastening directly onto the “face” side of a panel (instead of using the nail hem slot). This practice should not be used in vinyl and aluminum siding installation.

Fascia board

A board attached to the ends of the rafters between the roofing material and the soffit overhang. Fascia cap is the covering around that board.

F-Channel

Provides a receiving channel for soffit.

Finish Trim

A trim used to receive siding along the tops of walls and under windows where siding must be cut off.

Flashing

A thin, flat aluminum material positioned under or behind J-channels, corner posts, windows, etc., to keep draining water from penetrating the home. Flashing is also used on every wood surface around the windows and doors.

Flexible J-Channel

A specialized siding that receives trims. It is used around curved windows and vent covers.

Furring/Furring strip

A wooden framing material, usuall 1” x 3”, used to provide an even nailing base. To “fur” a surface means to apply these strips.

Galvanized aluminum

Aluminum coated with a thin layer of zinc oxide. This protects the aluminum from elements that cause damage such as corrosion or oxidation.

Green Durability

The ability of a building or any of its components to perform its required function in its service environment over the period of time without unforeseen cost for maintenance or repair. (Source: LEED for Homes Rating System)

Green Building

Incorporates environmental consideration into every phase of the home building process.

Gutter

The primary component in rain carrying systems, the gutter (or eavestrough) hangs from the eave surrounding the entire house. The gutter is responsible for carrying water to the downspout.

Gutter hanger

Secures the gutter to fascia.

Gutter sealer

Seals and waterproofs joints and seams throughout the gutter system.

Gutter wedge

For adapting gutter and drop outlet to inward slanted fascia. Compensates for roof pitches.

H-Channel

A molding used to receive soffit panels joining at squared or mitered corners.

Inside Corner

At the inside corner of two adjoining walls, an inside corner provides the channel to receive the siding from each wall.

Inside corner / Rainware

Used to carry water around inside facing corners.

Insulated Siding

An energy saving siding option that increases the exterior wall’s R-value. Insulated siding improves impact resistance and better replicates the feel of a solid wood plank.

Interlock System

Panel locking system to ensure the best lock.

J-Channel

Used for receiving siding along doors, windows, eaves and the edges of gables.

J-Channel Corner

Connects and covers corners where the J-channel comes together around a window, door or accessory for easy installation and decorative appearance.

Joint connector

Responsible for joining sections of gutter together.

Lap

To overlap the ends of two siding panels or accessory pieces to allow for expansion and contraction of the vinyl product.

Lineal

Used for window and door surrounds.

Miter

To make a diagonal cut, beveled to a specific angle (usually 45 degrees). Sometimes miter cuts are made onto an overlapping siding or soffit panel surface, to provide a neater appearance.

Mount blocks

Provides a flat surface to mount accessories onto siding. Generally used for outdoor lighting fixtures, electrical outlets or vents.

Nailing hem (or flange)

The section of siding or accessories where the nailing slots are located.

Outside Corner

On the outside of the meeting point between two adjoining walls, an outside corner provides the channel to receive the siding from each wall.

Outside corner / Rainware

Used to carry water around outside facing corners.

Pipe strap

Secures the downspout to the wall.

Plumb

A position or measurement that is truly and exactly vertical, 90 degrees from a level surface.

Poly outlets

Exits runoff to downspout and reduces clogging.

Roof edge:

A strip of flashing installed around the lower edge of the roof. This piece diverts the flow of water into the gutter system, preventing damage to the underlying construction.

Rosette

A piece that snaps onto a corner block for a decorative window treatment.

Scoring

Running a utility knife blade, a sharpened awl, scoring tool, or other sharp implement across a soffit or siding panel face without cutting all the way through the panel. This weakens the vinyl surface in a specific area and allows the panel to be bent and broken off cleanly.

Shim

A building material used to even a surface prior to installing vinyl siding.

Shingles/Shapes

Originally made from split wood, shingles are used on an entire house, or to accent certain areas.

Shakes

Used either on an entire home or on gables. Usually single or double course with revelas of 6”-10”, either straight-edged or staggered.

Shutter

An accent for windows – available in a variety of colors and different designs to complement any style.

Sill Trim

A piece of trim used any time the top lock has been removed from the siding, to secure a siding panel. Also referred to as “undersill” or “finish” trim. Note that the siding must be crimped before snapping in the sill trim.

Skirting

The molding that seals the joint between the siding and the ground.

Soffit

Material used to enclose the horizontal underside of an eave, cornice, or overhang. Available in either solid or vented form. Depending on your needs and taste, soffit can be either solid or vented.

Soffit crown molding

A decorative channel used for receiving soffit eaves or used on porch ceilings.

Spikes & ferrules

secures the gutter to the fascia.

Splash Guard

Prevents runoff from damaging the lawn.

Square

a square represents an area of 10’ x 10’ (100 sq. ft) and is generally the term used when referring to the quantity of siding in the industry. Vinyl siding is measured in squares, i.e.: This house requires 20 squares of siding.

Starter Strip

Secures the first piece of siding to the house.

Strapping

A framing material used to even a surface prior to installation.

Styrofold foil

Used to provide insulation beneath siding. Styrofold foil reduces energy consumption, outside noise and helps prevent mildew and dry rot.

Sunburst

A deco-architectural semi-circular element resembling sunbeams extending from a central point. They are often used in window designs.

Surewrap

Serves as an air barrier, a vapor retarder and a watershed that is installed between the exterior sheathing (often OSB) and the finished siding. The strong woven fabric that makes up Surewrap protects against moisture and air infiltration. Micro perforations in the film allows fabric to breath – “exhaling” harmful water vapor. (See products)

Thermal bridging

Conduction of heat through studs and other framing, bypassing the insulation between studs.

Tile cover

Accesses runoff into the underground system.

Trim Coil

Trim coil is used to finish soffit and fascia.

Trim and molding

A complete line of accessories is used to give every installation a professional appearance, while providing a weather-resistant façade. Some accessories include trim, starter strips, F-channels, drip caps, and J-channels.

Undersill trim

An accessory that fits underneath a feature in a wall that protrudes in some way. The undersill trim fits snuggly under the feature giving a clean appearance and prevents rain from getting underneath the siding. (which may cause rotting or other damage)

Underlayment

Weather-resistant material placed under vinyl siding panels.

Vent Cover

A decorative cover for vents – available in a variety of shapes.

Vertical Siding

Siding installed vertically rather than horizontally. Vertical siding never overlaps and is generally 6”-8” in length.

Vinyl siding

An exterior cladding option made from long vinyl pieces that is a key element to the beauty, structure and durability of a home or building. Vinyl siding comes in a variety of profiles and colors to meet anyone’s needs.

Windowsill Lineal

Decorative trim at the bottom of a window.

Weep holes

Openings cut into the bottom of the siding to allow for water runoff.

Woodgrain

A texture resembling that of wood.

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